Saturday, May 17, 2008

TODAY CANADA ACTION FOR NARGIS VICTIMS IN BURMA(ေလေဘးသင့္သူမ်ားအတြက္ကေနဒါမွလႈပ္ရွားမႈမ်ား)



Kenney, Jason
Secretary of State (Multiculturalism and Canadian Identity)

လူမိုက္ ႏွင့္ ေပါင္းေဖာ္ မိၿခင္း ( သို ့မဟုတ္ ) Nagis , Air Bagan ႏွင့္ က်မ(click HERE).....လတ္တေလာေပါက္ကြဲမွဳတခုကိုဖတ္ၾကည့္ပါ....

French aid ship awaits Myanmar permission

YANGON, Myanmar (AP) -- A French navy ship approached Myanmar's cyclone-devastated Irrawaddy delta Saturday, but was still awaiting permission from the ruling military regime to dock and unload 1,500 tons of aid.

The junta said Friday that the official death toll from the storm has nearly doubled to 78,000 with 55,917 missing. Aid groups have said the toll is probably about 128,000, with many more deaths possible from disease and starvation unless help is provided quickly to some 2.5 million survivors.

But despite possessing little means to deliver aid quickly and efficiently, the isolationist government of Myanmar -- one of the poorest countries in the world -- insists it does not want international aid groups to manage the relief operations. It says all foreign aid must be delivered to the government, which will distribute it further.

French defense and foreign ministry officials said the FSS Mistral, carrying 1,500 tons of food and medication, was expected reach Myanmar "sometime Saturday." They said the French government was "still in negotiations," even though the junta has so far refused to give authorization for it to dock, either in the delta or in Myanmar's largest city, Yangon.

France's U.N. Ambassador Jean-Maurice Ripert said late Friday that "as of today the government of Myanmar refused" to let the ship in. He said the Myanmar government asked the French to airlift the material through Yangon, "which of course is a nonsense," he said.

He warned that the government's refusal to allow aid to be delivered to people "could lead to a true crime against humanity."

"We have small boats which could allow us to go through the delta to most of the regions where no one has accessed yet," he said. "We have small helicopters to drop food, and we have doctors."

In Yangon, news of the approach of the French ship created an excited buzz among residents who were phoning each other to ask how far the ship was and when it would arrive.

The excitement reflected the frustrations felt by many of Myanmar's people, who have watched their government reject international help every day despite pleas by the United Nations, foreign governments and aid agencies.

"More than two weeks after the event, we are at a critical point," said U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. "Unless more aid gets into the country -- quickly -- we face the risk of an outbreak of infectious diseases that could dramatically worsen today's crisis."

Myanmar's junta, meanwhile, kept a tight lid on information. It put up a security cordon around Yangon to restrict foreign aid workers from going to the Irrawaddy delta, where scenes of devastation were rife and corpses were rotting where they died.

A small tour to the disaster zone was being arranged Saturday for diplomats to give them their first up-close look at the effects of the cyclone and at the highly criticized relief delivery effort by the government.

John Holmes, U.N. undersecretary-general for humanitarian affairs, was going to Myanmar on Sunday to try to convince junta leaders to grant more access to U.N. relief workers and to massively scale up aid efforts, said Amanda Pitt, a U.N. spokeswoman in Bangkok, the capital of neighboring Thailand.

"If you look at the situation with China, they have accepted relief and assistance teams from Russia, Taiwan and Japan," Pitt said, referring to the response to the devastating earthquake there. "They know they can't do it on their own."

Two weeks after the tragedy, the U.N. says it was largely in the dark about the situation on the ground in Myanmar.

"We simply don't have the information, and I can't say when we will have it," said Steve Marshall, a U.N. official who just came out of the country.

Lack of clean water will be deadly in the Irrawaddy delta, Thomas Gurtner, the head of operations for the international Red Cross, told The Associated Press in Geneva.

The U.S. military flew four more flights of emergency supplies into Yangon on Friday, raising its total to 17 since Monday. Two of the flights were filled with aid provided by the Thai government. India was also readying flights.

Myanmar cyclone death toll rises to 77,738

A child takes a nap by a road at a village hit by Cyclone Nargis, outside Yangon, May 16, 2008. (Xinhua/Reuters Photo)

The sharp increase of the death toll was confirmed late because the disaster-hit area was so wide and the searching operation was hard that the authorities could not obtain the figures in time, the report clarified.
Myanmar government outlined a cyclone-relief policy shortly after the disaster, welcoming aid supplies from any country but denying entry for foreign aid workers to help launch rescue and relief operations, saying that it prefers to use its own strength.

The government also disallows foreigners to have access to disaster-hit areas, designating that relief activities including foreign, public and individual donations be handed over through the government's central relief and resettlement headquarters.
Meanwhile, the authorities claimed that the first phase of rescue of storm victims, provision of temporary shelter, supply of food and clothes and healthcare has been underway to an extent, while the present second phase sets domestic construction entrepreneurs to take part in the rehabilitation of the victims by promptly helping rebuild their respective wrecked houses in towns and villages mainly in Ayeyawaddy and Yangon divisions.

The third step is to re-generate farmlands which were flooded by sea water in the storm.

A deadly tropical cyclone Nargis, which occurred over the Bay of Bengal, hit five divisions and states -- Ayeyawaddy, Yangon, Bago, Mon and Kayin on May 2 and 3, of which Ayeyawaddy and Yangon inflicted the heaviest casualties and infrastructure damage.

Hard-hit coastal towns in the southwestern Ayeyawaddy division include Haing Gyi Island, Laputta, Mawlamyinegyun, Bogalay, Phyarpon, Kyaiklat, Ngaputaw, and Dedaye, while worst-hit areas in Yangon division comprised Kungyangon, Thanlyin, Kyauktan, Twantay, Kawmu as well as the Yangon city.

Relief trickles through as Burma toll hits 140,000

Rangoon (dpa) - Burma is using helicopters, cars, trucks and small boats to transport relief supplies donated by foreign countries to the cyclone-ravaged Irrwaddy delta region, state-run newspapers in Rangoon reported Saturday.

Meanwhile there was no official word if authorities would allow a French warship with 1,500 tons of relief supplies, including medicine and food, waiting in international waters off the coast, to deliver the supplies.

The French ship has helicopters and small boats that could deliver the supplies to the hard-to-reach parts of the hardest hit delta region.

The French government has been pushing the United Nations to forcefully deliver aid to storm victims, and Burma denounced France at the UN General Assembly Friday for sending the warship.

The military authorities have let other supplies through, including a flight with 18 tons of water-purifying tablets and blankets donated by UNICEF and two four-wheel-drive (4WD) vehicles and one rubber boat by the Red Cross.

Other flights have delivered plastic sheets, construction materials, shelter kits and 4WD cars among other supplies donated by a long list of organizations and countries, state-run media reported.

The newspapers gave no details of how much is making it into the delta region, and little is known from independent sources. Representatives of some of the 16 aid organizations working together for cyclone relief said Saturday they have learned nothing new since Friday.

In other measures, fellow Asean member Brunei donated $100,000 to the relief effort, dailies reported Saturday.

Meanwhile, the government late Friday increased the official death toll from Cyclone Nargis to 78,000 with an additional 56,000 missing, state-run television reported. (dpa)

May 17, 2008

Myanmar gives Thai, Indian doctors permission to enter cyclone-ravaged country

2008-05-17 20:37:55
A team of Thai health workers has been granted permission from Myanmar's military government to help cyclone victims in areas that have been off limits to most foreigners, raising hopes that others may soon be allowed into the secretive country.
About 30 doctors, nurses and other medical experts are expected to travel to the devastated Irrawaddy delta in the coming days to treat victims living in camps or remote villages, said Dr. Surachet Satitniramai, director of Thailand's National Medical Emergency Services Institute.

Myanmar health officials insisted on civilian doctors _ no military health workers _ from Thailand and said the group would not be given access to hospitals already staffed by local physicians, he said.

"The team's mission is very important," Surachet said. "If we can gain trust from the Myanmar government, I think they will open up more to outside aid."

A group of 50 Indian military doctors and paramedics also was given approval to enter Myanmar, but it was unclear Saturday whether they would be allowed to travel from the main city of Yangon to the hard-hit delta, said Indian Air Force spokesman Wing Cmdr. Manish Gandhi.

Myanmar's paranoid military junta has been slow to accept outside aid and has granted very few visas to relief workers desperate to help. So far, no one from the World Health Organization has been permitted to enter the country, hindering data collection to the point that no accurate estimates are available of how many people have died from disease or injuries two weeks after Cyclone Nargis unleashed its fury.

"We have a challenge ahead of us," said Eric Laroche, WHO's top crisis expert in Geneva. "WHO is trying to detect as soon as possible any epidemics."

Nearly 78,000 people were killed and another 55,000 remain missing following the May 2-3 storm, according to Myanmar's state-run media. Aid groups have estimated the toll is probably closer to 128,000, with some 2.5 million survivors at risk for disease or starvation.

Many children are suffering from diarrhea, and some foreign aid agencies have reported a few cholera cases, but no major outbreaks have been reported.

The Thai team, which consists of surgeons, nurses, a pediatrician, an epidemiologist and even a veterinarian, will vaccinate survivors against cholera and treat other illnesses and injuries, Surachet said.

The team is expected to be able to treat up to 500 people a day over two weeks. After that, the Myanmar government will decide whether they will be permitted to continue.

Access to regular supplies of safe drinking water and proper sanitation is essential for preventing waterborne diseases like cholera, which spreads rapidly through water contaminated with feces. Malaria and dengue fever outbreaks also will be a major concern in the coming weeks after mosquitoes have time to breed in the stagnant water that flooded the low-lying delta region.

Looming Dangers for Orphaned Burmese

Published: May 17, 2008
BANGKOK — While the death toll in Myanmar continues to climb, international aid agencies are warning of a new kind of threat to the most vulnerable survivors, children.
The young suffered disproportionately from the very beginning: relief groups estimate that they made up about one-third of those killed by the devastating cyclone. Now, they say, children make up about a third of survivors. Many are orphans or lost, and surrounded by strangers in crowded refugee camps; some are too young to even know their parents’ names. .

Since many of Myanmar’s children are malnourished, their immune systems are weaker, said Kate Conradt, a spokeswoman for Save the Children in Bangkok. So, with huge rainstorms drenching the often-homeless survivors, food and clean water scarce, and aid slow to arrive, children are likely to lead the next expected wave of death from water-born diseases.

And as time passes, the relief groups say, the children are increasingly at risk of forced recruitment into sexual labor and the armed forces

Myanmar has one of the world’s highest rates of recruitment of child soldiers, who are often purchased, kidnapped or terrorized into joining the army. Some of the recruits are as young as 10, according to a recent report by Human Rights Watch, based in New York.

The report, issued last October, said that military recruiters and civilian brokers scour train stations, bus stations, markets and other public places for boys and coerce them to volunteer. The new chaos of the refugee camps offers particular opportunities for them.

“That’s a deep concern because unscrupulous recruiters will certainly take advantage of the situation,” said David Mahthieson, an expert on Myanmar with Human Rights Watch.

Already, news has circulated among aid groups of two brokers who were arrested as they attempted to recruit children at a shelter, said Anne-Claire Dufay, the chief child protection officer for Unicef in Myanmar.

The school year starts in two weeks. But relief workers say 85 percent of all schools are in ruins and many of the teachers are gone. The destruction of schools illustrates the scale of the challenge that Myanmar will face in returning to normal life: about 2,700 schools will have to be rebuilt, according to Unicef.

In the shelters, many children must fend for themselves. “It’s survival of the fittest,” said Fred Bemak, a professor of counseling at George Mason University in Virginia, who was in Yangon training counselors when the cyclone hit.

“Their schools are gone, their homes are gone, their parents are often dead or lost,” he said. “Many children are wandering around separated from their families and communities, and they are highly vulnerable right now.”

The youngest children may not know their surnames, their parents’ names or the names of their villages, Conradt said — and there is no system in place for reuniting families.

“Our experience is when resources are very scarce and the relief operation is on, the unaccompanied children are the ones who pay the toll,” said Alex Kreuger, a child protection specialist with Unicef.

Child protection workers are trying to offer some refuge for the children by setting up what they call child-friendly spaces where children can mingle and play safely and attempt to overcome their traumas.

“They get a bit of informal education and they play with each other and have fun,” said Laura Blank, a spokeswoman for World Vision, which is opening up 37 centers in Yangon, the main city of Myanmar. “Through that process we are bringing a little bit of joy into their lives.”

Citing a United Nations estimate Friday, Unicef said that as many as 40 percent of those affected were children and that “there may be as many as one million children in urgent need of assistance.” Based on a different UN estimate of 1.6 million people who have been “severely affected,” World Vision estimated Wednesday that half a million children were left alive by the waves and are now in need of urgent help.

U.S. Frustrated by Myanmar Junta’s Aid Limits

Published: May 17, 2008
WASHINGTON — Two weeks after a devastating cyclone smashed ashore in Myanmar, the United States is facing the limits of its clout, at least in dealing with a junta that human rights advocates say is putting its own survival before that of a storm-ravaged population.
The Bush administration’s calls for Myanmar to throw open its borders to international assistance have gone unheeded, even as the government of Myanmar almost doubled the official death toll to 78,000 people on Friday, with 55,917 missing and 19,359 injured, up steeply from just 1,403 previously listed as injured.

The United Nations estimates that more than 100,000 people have died, and the Red Cross has put the number as high as 128,000. But relief officials say their figures can be only rough estimates, given the scattering of bodies by towering waves, the chaos as people have sought food and shelter, and the exclusion of most foreigners from the hardest-hit areas. On Friday, heavy rains hampered efforts to deliver aid.

The military junta still insists that it can handle relief operations on its own, and it is rebuffing any offers to transport aid directly to the affected areas. The United States and its close European allies had considered requesting United Nations authorization for a relief mission even without approval of the military authorities in Myanmar. But they dropped the plan after it became clear that China would veto any Security Council resolution calling for “humanitarian intervention” in Myanmar.

Instead, the United States is now relying on what administration officials acknowledge is the excruciatingly slow trickle of humanitarian aid that American officials have so far persuaded the junta to allow into the country.

There is also a modest amount of supplies from a number of nations and relief groups, but aid workers say that the combined total is only a small portion of what is needed. They say that if emergency supplies do not reach survivors soon, many more could die from disease and starvation.

The American military has assembled a considerable number of ships, helicopters, transport airplanes and marines in the region to assist in cyclone relief if the government of Myanmar grants approval.

But American officials said Friday that the Myanmar government had continued to deny requests for permission to bring in assistance by helicopters, which can reach areas inland from the coast and help distribute the supplies across the country, and that it had approved inbound flights by fewer than 20 cargo planes.

At a closed meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on Friday, France criticized Myanmar for barring a French naval vessel from delivering 1,500 tons of aid to the hard-hit Irrawaddy Delta. The French ambassador, Jean-Maurice Ripert, said he was responding to the Myanmar envoy’s accusation that France had sent a “warship” to the region.

The absence of the United Nations’ legal approval for ferrying food, medicine and shelter into Myanmar has left the Bush administration in a bind. To avert a humanitarian catastrophe, the administration is having to tiptoe, so as not to offend the sensibilities of a military junta that Washington has condemned in the past, lest the junta put an end to even the anemic flow of aid it has allowed so far.

Even discussions about whether to pursue sanctions against Myanmar in the United Nations have been put on hold, a senior administration official said, “because we have to balance the need for further political pressure against what little progress we’re making on the ground.”

Tom Malinowski, the Washington director of the group Human Rights Watch, said the international community was walking a tightrope. “We get a tiny foothold for humanitarian aid, and for fear of losing that hold, we operate on the junta’s terms,” he said. “Nobody wants to lose the 30 visas they gave us.”

Administration officials and diplomats say the focus, for now, is on negotiating with the government of Myanmar to allow a greater number of aid flights. Six flights landed in Yangon on Friday, including four C-130 military cargo planes, bringing the total airlifts to 17, carrying about 400,000 pounds of supplies.

Maj. Stewart Upton of the Marine Corps, a Pentagon spokesman, said the emergency relief included water, blankets, hygiene kits, insecticide-treated bed nets to protect against malaria, plastic sheeting for shelter, rice, other food and medical supplies.
Two of the six flights bypassed the junta and went directly to nongovernmental organizations, the senior administration official said, but the cargo on the other four flights went to Myanmar’s military junta. “At least we’re headed in the right direction, albeit slowly,” the official said. Both President Bush and his wife, Laura, have been personally engaged in the Myanmar issue, administration officials said, but one official said that beyond them, there was no single high-ranking American official who had taken charge of America’s response to the cyclone.

Christopher R. Hill, the assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs, has been consumed with his efforts to negotiate a North Korea nuclear deal, while R. Nicholas Burns, the State Department’s former under secretary for political affairs, has left the government, with no successor in place.

Henrietta H. Fore, the administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, has been criticized for appearing in a photo on the airfield in Yangon, smiling as she shook hands with a Myanmar official. Human Rights advocates said such photos would almost certainly be used by the junta as propaganda.

There has been some discussion, a second senior administration official said, of whether the United States and France should take measures against Chevron and the French oil and gas company Total for their work on a natural gas pipeline in southern Myanmar, from which the military junta derives much of its wealth. American sanctions against Myanmar ban most companies from working there, but Chevron owns a 28 percent stake in the pipeline, which is operated by Total.

The official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity, said that so far, talk of suspending Chevron’s payments to Myanmar, formerly Burma, had not gone very far.

About a dozen American cargo aircraft, mostly C-130 short-range aircraft but also some longer-range C-17s, are in the area, along with about a dozen heavy-lift and medium-lift helicopters. A number of Navy warships are in the waters off Myanmar, including the Essex, which can produce 50,000 gallons of fresh water a day, while the Harpers Ferry and Juneau each produce 10,000 gallons of fresh water a day.

The ships also carry amphibious landing craft that can move onto battered shores and can carry personnel and supplies to remote locations inaccessible by road. American military officials pledge that the assistance comes with no strings attached, and that American forces will leave as soon as the aid mission is over.

“There is absolutely more we could do, if only the Burmese government would permit us to do it,” said Geoff Morrell, the Pentagon press secretary. “And that is why our government has been working with other governments in the region to try to persuade the Burmese military, the leadership of that nation, to put their pride aside and let our troops come in with the aid that their people so desperately need.”

Mr. Morrell noted that there was “no discussion of unilateral action whatsoever.”

ႏိုင္ငံျခားတပ္ေတြ ဝင္လာရင္ ျမန္မာစစ္တပ္ ဘာျဖစ္မလဲ

ေအးခ်မ္းေျမ့ | ေမ ၁၆၊ ၂၀၀၈
၁၉၉၀ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲအၿပီး ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံကို စစ္အာဏာ သိမ္းၿပီးေနာက္ပိုင္းမွာ ျမန္မာ ျပည္သူလူထုအေနနဲ႔ ႏိုင္ငံျခားတပ္ေတြ ကို ေမွ်ာ္တတ္လာတာ ေတြ႕ရပါတယ္။

စစ္အစိုးရေၾကာင့္ ဒုကၡဆင္းရဲတြင္း နက္လာေလေလ အေမရိကန္တပ္ေတြက စစ္အစိုးရကို ဘယ္လိုဝင္ တိုက္မွာ၊ ဘယ္ပံုဝင္ တိုက္ေတာ့မွာနဲ႔ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခ်က္ေတြ ျပင္းျပလာတာ ေတြ႕ရေလပါပဲ။ တခ်ိဳ႕ဆို စိတ္ကူး ေတြယဥ္ၿပီး တကယ္ပဲ အေမရိကန္ တပ္ႀကီးကုိ သူပဲ ျမင္လိုက္သလိုလို သူ႔ဆီကိုပဲ အေမရိကန္ သမၼတက စာပို႔လိုက္သလိုလိုနဲ႔ ေလွ်ာက္ေျပာတတ္ပါေသးတယ္။

ဒါလည္း လူေတြရဲ႕ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခ်က္ တရပ္မုိ႔လို႔ အျပစ္မဆိုသာပါဘူး။ လူေတြက စစ္အစိုးရရဲ႕ လက္ေအာက္မွာ ဒုကၡဆင္းရဲေတြ ခါးစည္းခံလာရတာ ၾကာလာေတာ့ ေမွ်ာ္မိေမွ်ာ္ရာ၊ ေတာင့္တမိေတာင့္တရာ ေကာက္႐ိုး တမွ်င္မ်ား ျဖစ္ေလမလားလို႔ ေတြးမိ လာၾကတာ ျဖစ္မွာပါ။ စက္တင္ဘာ ေရႊဝါေရာင္ ေတာ္လွန္ေရး ေနာက္ပိုင္းမွာေတာ့ လူေတြရဲ႕ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခ်က္ စိတ္ကူးယဥ္မႈ ေတြက ပိုႀကီးထြား လာပါတယ္။

ကုလသမဂၢရဲ႕ အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္ မစၥတာဂမ္ဘာရီ ျမန္မာျပည္လာမယ္၊ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္နဲ႔ ေတြ႕မယ္ ဆိုတာ နဲ႔တင္ လူေတြက ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရကိုေတာ့ ကုလသမဂၢက အျပစ္ေပးေတာ့မယ္ဆိုၿပီး လက္ခုပ္လက္ဝါးတီးဖို႔ ေစာင့္ေနၾက တာပါ။ ေနာက္ ထင္သလိုျဖစ္မလာ၊ ဂမ္ဘာရီကိုလည္း အားကိုး မရေတာ့ဘူး ဆိုတာသိလိုက္တဲ့ေနာက္ပိုင္းမွာ အေမရိကန္ တပ္ေတြ ပင္လယ္ဝေရာက္ေနၿပီ၊ ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရကို ဝင္တိုက္ေတာ့မယ္ ဆိုတာမ်ိဳးေတြ ေျပာၾကပါတယ္။

တကယ္လည္း တတ္ႏိုင္တဲ့ တစံုတရာက ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရကို ျပင္းျပင္းထန္ထန္ အျပစ္ေပးတာမ်ိဳး ျမန္မာ လူထုက ျမင္ခ်င္ ေနပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ လက္ေတြ႕မွာေတာ့ သူတို႔ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္သလို ျဖစ္မလာဘဲ ဇာတ္ေမ်ာႀကီး ျဖစ္လို႔။ ျမန္မာ လူထုကလည္း ငါတို႔ကံကိုက ဆိုးပါတယ္ဆိုၿပီး ကိုယ့္ထိုက္နဲ႔ ကိုယ့္ကံ သေဘာထားလို႔ ကံကိုပဲ ယိုးမယ္ဖြဲ႕ေနခ်ိန္ မေမွ်ာ္လင့္ဘဲ နာဂစ္ဆိုတဲ့ မုန္တိုင္းႀကီးက ဝင္ေမႊလိုက္ပါေတာ့တယ္။

နာဂစ္က ျမန္မာျပည္သူလူထု အတြက္ေကာ ျမန္မာစစ္အစုိးရ အတြက္ပါ အလွည့္အေျပာင္း တစံုတရာ ဖန္တီးလိုက္တာေလ လားလို႔ ဆိုရေလာက္ေအာင္ပါပဲ။ နဂို စစ္အစိုးရကို မုန္းတီးေနတဲ့ ျပည္သူေတြဟာ ပုိၿပီး မုန္းတီးလာၿပီး အေမရိကန္တပ္ ေတြကုိ ပိုေမွ်ာ္လင့္လာၾကပါေတာ့တယ္။

စစ္အစိုးရကလည္း သူတို႔ရဲ႕ အာဏာနဲ႔ ဂုဏ္သိကၡာအတြက္ ၁ သန္းေက်ာ္ ရွိတဲ့ ေလေဘး ဒုကၡသည္ေတြရဲ႕ ဒုကၡဆင္းရဲ၊ ေဝဒနာနဲ႔ ငတ္မြတ္မႈကိုေတာင္ မငဲ့ကြက္ဘဲ တင္းခံေနပါတယ္။ အဲဒီလုိ တင္းခံေနေလ ျပည္သူ ေတြရဲ႕ အမုန္းအင္အားက ႀကီးမားေလ ျဖစ္ေနပါတယ္။

ခုခ်ိန္မွာေတာ့ ျပည္သူေတြ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခဲ့သလို ျဖစ္လာၿပီလားလို႔ ေမးရမလိုျဖစ္ေနပါၿပီ။ ျမန္မာ့ေရပိုင္နက္ အဝမွာ အဂၤလန္၊ ျပင္သစ္နဲ႔ အေမရိကန္ စစ္သေဘၤာေတြဟာ ရိကၡာေတြ၊ စစ္အင္အားေတြ အျပည့္အစံုနဲ႔ ေရာက္ေနၿပီ။ ႏိုင္ငံတကာကို ေရာက္ေနတဲ့ ျမန္မာ့အေရးလႈပ္ရွားသူေတြ အပါအဝင္ အဖြဲ႕အစည္းေတြနဲ႔ တျခားေသာ အေနာက္ ႏိုင္ငံေတြကလည္း ျမန္မာျပည္ထဲကို ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးတပ္ေတြ ဝင္ဖို႔ ဝိုင္းဝန္း ေတာင္းဆိုေနပါၿပီ။

ေမးစရာတခုကေတာ့ အဲဒီလို အေမရိကန္အပါအဝင္ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးတပ္ေတြ ျမန္မာ့ေျမေပၚ ေျခခ်ၿပီး ဒုကၡသည္ေတြကို အတင္းဝင္ေရာက္ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးေတြ လုပ္လိုက္ရင္ ျမန္မာ့ တပ္မေတာ္ႀကီးအေနနဲ႔ ဘာေတြျဖစ္မလဲ ဆိုတာပါပဲ။

ျပင္သစ္ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး ဝန္ႀကီး ဘားနတ္ ေကာ့ခ်နာကဆိုရင္ “ျပင္သစ္ သေဘၤာေတြ၊ ဟယ္လီေကာ္ပတာ ေတြ အေနနဲ႔ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြဆီ ေရာက္ဖို႔ နာရီဝက္ေလာက္ပဲ ၾကာမွာပါ။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ရဲ႕ မဟာမိတ္ ၿဗိတိသွ် ကယ္ဆယ္ေရး ယာဥ္ေတြ ဆုိရင္လည္း အတူတူပါပဲ” လို႔ ေျပာေနပါၿပီ။ သူေျပာမယ္ ဆိုလည္း ေျပာစရာပါ။ ျပင္သစ္က ေလယာဥ္တင္ သေဘၤာ အရြယ္အစားရွိတဲ့ တန္ခ်ိန္ ၂၂၀၀၀ စစ္သေဘၤာႀကီးရယ္၊ အေမရိကန္ စစ္သား ၁၁၀၀၀ ေက်ာ္ပါတဲ့ အမွတ္ (၇) ေရတပ္ စခန္းက စစ္သေဘၤာ အုပ္စုရယ္ ေနာက္ေတာ့ ၿဗိတိန္က ဖရီးဂိတ္ စစ္သေဘၤာတစီးရယ္က အဆင္သင့္အေနအထား ရွိေနတာေလ။

“က်ေနာ္တို႔ အေနနဲ႔ ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရကို ဆက္တိုက္လို ဖိအားေပး ေတာင္းဆိုေနၾကပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ ခုထိ ဘာမွ မျပန္ၾကားေသးလို႔ ဘာမွဆက္လုပ္လို႔ မရပါဘူး” လို႔ အဲဒီ ျပင္သစ္ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးဝန္ႀကီးက ဆိုေနပါၿပီ။

တကယ့္တကယ္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာက လူသားခ်င္းစာနာေထာက္ထားတဲ့ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရး တပ္ေတြသာ ဝင္ေရာက္စြက္ဖက္ လာမယ္ ဆိုရင္ ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ရဲ႕ အေနအထားအရ ခုခံကာကြယ္ တိုက္ခိုက္မွာ မဟုတ္ဘူးလို႔ လူလတ္ပိုင္းအရြယ္ ဗိုလ္မႉးေဟာင္းတဦးက ဧရာဝတီကို ေျပာပါတယ္။

သူ႔အေနနဲ႔ တပ္မေတာ္မွာ တာဝန္ထမ္းေဆာင္စဥ္က အရည္အခ်င္းလည္း ရွိခဲ့တယ္၊ ခုခ်ိန္မွာ ငယ္ရြယ္ဆဲလည္း ျဖစ္ေနတဲ့ အတြက္ အရပ္ဝတ္တဦး ျဖစ္ေနေပမယ့္ အခ်ိန္မေရြး ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရရဲ႕ ေခၚသံုးျခင္းခံရႏိုင္တယ္လို႔ ဆက္ေျပာပါတယ္။

“ခိုင္းစရာရွိရင္ေတာ့ ေခၚမွာေသခ်ာတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ က်ေနာ္တို႔ကေတာ့ မသြားပါဘူး။ တျခား က်ေနာ့္လို႔ လူေတြလည္း သြားမွာမဟုတ္ဘူး။ အားလံုးက စစ္တပ္ကို ေတာ္ေတာ္ေလး စိတ္နာေနၿပီ။ က်ေနာ္က အသိဆံုးပဲ” လုိ႔ သူက ေျပာျပပါတယ္။

စစ္သားေတြနဲ႔ သူတို႔မိသားစုေတြကို တကယ့္တကယ္မွာ စစ္အစိုးရက ကာကြယ္မႈ လံုလံုၿခံဳၿခံဳ မေပးႏိုင္ဘူးလို႔ သူက ဆက္ေျပာတယ္။ စစ္သားေတြက စစ္ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေတြရဲ႕ အမိန္႔ကို နာခံတယ္ဆိုတာလည္း သူတို႔ကို သစၥာရွိလို႔ ခ်စ္လို႔ မဟုတ္ဘဲ ေၾကာက္လို႔သာ ျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ ဆိုပါတယ္။

“ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးတပ္ေတြ ဝင္လာရင္ ဘယ္စစ္သားမွ အေသခံ ခုခံတိုက္ခိုက္မွာ မဟုတ္ဘူး။ အဲဒါေတာ့ ေျပာရဲတယ္” လုိ႔ သူက သံုးသပ္ပါတယ္။

ေလ့လာသူတခ်ိဳ႕ကေတာ့ ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ရဲ႕ မ်ိဳးခ်စ္စိတ္တို႔..၊ အမ်ိဳးသားေရးဝါဒတို႔က အတိတ္မွာ က်န္ခဲ့ၿပီလို႔ ဆိုပါတယ္။ အဲဒါေတြက ၁၉၄၀ ျပည့္ႏွစ္ဝန္းက်င္နဲ႔ ၁၉၅၀ ျပည့္ႏွစ္ဝန္းက်င္ လြတ္လပ္ေရးမရမီနဲ႔ လြတ္လပ္ေရးရၿပီးခါစ ကာလေတြက စိတ္ဓာတ္ေတြ ဝါဒေတြပါလို႔ ေျပာၾကပါတယ္။ အခု အေျခအေနနဲ႔ေတာ့ ေတာ္ေတာ္ေလး ကြာျခားေနပါၿပီ။ ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ရဲ႕ ဂုဏ္သိကၡာဟာလည္း အေရွ႕ေတာင္အာရွ ႏိုင္ငံေတြ ၾကားမွာေတာင္ လံုးဝက်ဆင္းေနၿပီး ၄၆ ႏွစ္ ေလာက္ ေခတ္ေနာက္ျပန္ဆြဲေနတဲ့ စည္းကမ္းေတြနဲ႔ ဟန္ပဲ ရွိေတာ့တာ ျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ ေလ့လာသူေတြက ဆိုပါတယ္။

ဒီမိုကေရစီနဲ႔ ဖြံ႕ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးကြန္ယက္ အဖြဲ႕ရဲ႕ သုေတသန ပညာရွင္တဦးျဖစ္သူ ဦးေဌးေအာင္ကေတာ့ တကယ္လို႔သာ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးတပ္ေတြ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံတြင္း ဝင္ေရာက္လာမယ္ ဆိုရင္ စစ္တပ္ရဲ႕ အႀကီးအကဲ ေတြက သူတို႔ရဲ႕ တပ္ေတြကို ခံခ်ခိုင္းမွာပဲလို႔ သံုးသပ္ပါတယ္။

“ဒါေပမယ့္ ၾကာၾကာေတာ့ ေတာင့္ခံႏိုင္မွာမဟုတ္ဘူး။ ဘာလို႔လည္းဆိုေတာ့ ျမန္မာစစ္သားေတြ အေနနဲ႔ သူတို႔ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ေတြကို ေၾကာက္လို႔သာ ျပန္ခ်ရမွာေလ” လို႔ သူကဆက္ေျပာပါတယ္။

ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ရဲ႕ စြမ္းရည္ကေတာ့ ႏိုင္ငံတကာက တကယ့္ အရည္အေသြးျမင့္ တပ္သားေတြ၊ အဆင့္ျမင့္ နည္းပညာ ေတြကို ဘယ္လိုမွ မကာကြယ္ႏိုင္မွာကို သံသယျဖစ္စရာမရွိဘူးလို႔ ဦးေဌးေအာင္က သံုးသပ္ပါ တယ္။

“၁၉၅၀ ျပည့္ႏွစ္ေတြတုန္းကေတာ့ ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္က ရွမ္းျပည္ကိုက်ဴးေက်ာ္လာတဲ့ တ႐ုတ္ကူမင္တန္ တပ္ေတြကို တိုက္ထုတ္ႏိုင္ေလာက္ေအာင္ အင္အားေတာင့္တင္းတာ မွန္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ ခု ကယ္ဆယ္ေရး တပ္ေတြနဲ႔ေတာ့မတူ ဘူးေလ။ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးတပ္ေတြက ျပည္သူေတြကို ကယ္ဆယ္ဖို႔ လာမွာမဟုတ္လား” လုိ႔ သူက သူ႔အျမင္ကို ေျပာျပပါတယ္။

တ႐ုတ္ - ျမန္မာ နယ္စပ္က ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္နဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔ သုေတသန ျပဳေနတဲ့ ဦးေအာင္ေက်ာ္ေဇာကေတာ့ ျမန္မာ့ တပ္မေတာ္ဟာ အျပည္ျပည္ဆိုင္ရာက ေပးေနတဲ့ ဖိအားကို တြန္းလွန္မွာမဟုတ္ဘူးလို႔ သုံးသပ္ ပါတယ္။

သူက “ဒီေန႔တပ္မေတာ္က လြတ္လပ္ေရးေခတ္တုန္းက တပ္မေတာ္နဲ႔ ဘာမွမဆိုင္ဘူး။ ျမန္မာ တပ္မေတာ္ အရာရွိေတြ အားလံုး ဒီေန႔ဒီအခ်ိန္မွာ အက်င့္ပ်က္ ျခစားေနၾကၿပီ။ သူတို႔ အက်ိဳးစီးပြားတခုပဲ ၾကည့္ၾက ေတာ့တယ္” လို႔ ဆက္ေျပာတယ္။

တကယ္လို႔သာ တပ္မေတာ္က ႏိုင္ငံတကာက ဖိအားေပးတာကုိ ဆန္႔က်င္မယ္ ဆိုရင္လည္း သိပ္ၾကာၾကာ ေတာင့္ခံႏိုင္မွာ မဟုတ္ပါဘူးလို႔ သူကသံုးသပ္ပါတယ္။

“ခုဟာက သီေပါမင္းပါေတာ္မူတဲ့ ၁၈၈၅ ခုႏွစ္လည္းမဟုတ္ဘူး။ လြတ္လပ္ေရး အတြက္တိုက္ပြဲဝင္ေနတဲ့ ၁၉၄၀ ျပည့္ႏွစ္ လည္း မဟုတ္ဘူး” လုိ႔ ဆက္ေျပာပါတယ္။

ခုဆိုရင္ ျမန္မာျပည္သူေတြကလည္း ေလေဘးဒုကၡသည္ေတြကုိ ကယ္တင္ခ်င္တဲ့ စိတ္တခုပဲ ရွိေတာ့တယ္။ တခ်ိဳ႕ကဆို အေမရိကန္တပ္ေတြ ဘယ္ေတာ့ဝင္မွာလဲ။ ဝင္မွာျဖင့္လည္းျမန္ျမန္ဝင္ပါေတာ့ ဆိုတာမ်ိဳး ေျပာေနၾကၿပီ။ ေဝဒနာ ခံစားေန ရတဲ့ သူတို႔လို ျပည္သူေတြရဲ႕ ဒုကၡကို မၾကည့္ရက္ၾကေတာ့ဘူး။

ရန္ကုန္မွာေနတဲ့ ေနာက္ဆံုးႏွစ္ ေက်ာင္းသူတဦးကဆို “ကိုလိုနီလက္ေအာက္ခံ ျဖစ္ရင္လည္း ျဖစ္ပါေစေတာ့။ စစ္အစိုးရ ထက္ေတာ့ ပိုေကာင္းမွာပဲ” လို႔ကိုေျပာပါတယ္။ စက္တင္ဘာေတာ္လွန္ေရး ၿပီးခါစထက္ အမွန္တရားနဲ႔ ပိုနီးစပ္တယ္လို႔ ေျပာႏိုင္တဲ့ အခ်က္ကေတာ့ ျမန္မာ့ေရ ပိုင္နက္ အဝမွာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ စစ္သေဘၤာေတြ တကယ္ေရာက္ေနတယ္ ဆိုတဲ့ အခ်က္ပါပဲ။

ျမန္မာ ျပည္သူလူထုရဲ႕ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခ်က္က ဘယ္ေလာက္ႀကီးမားလဲဆိုရင္ ဟုတ္တာမဟုတ္တာ အသာထား ဝက္ဘ္ဆိုက္ေတြ ဘေလာ့ေတြကေန ျမန္မာ့ေျမေပၚ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးတပ္ေတြ ေရာက္လာရင္ ဘယ္လိုေနသင့္တယ္ ဆိုတာကို အဲဒီစစ္သေဘၤာ ေတြမွာ ေရးထားတယ္ဆိုတဲ့အေၾကာင္း ျဖန္႔ေဝၿပီးေနၿပီ။ အီးေမးလ္ေတြကတဆင့္ အခ်င္းခ်င္း ျဖန္႔ျဖဴးလို႔။ တခ်ိဳ႕လည္း စိတ္ဓာတ္တက္ႂကြ၊ တခ်ိဳ႕လည္း ေၾကာက္လန္႔ေနၾကတယ္။

ထိုင္းႏိုင္ငံ ခ်င္းမိုင္မွာေနတဲ့ ျမန္မာ့အေရး ေလ့လာသူ ကိုဝင္းမင္းကေတာ့ တပ္မေတာ္အရာရွိ အမ်ားစုအေန နဲ႔ တိုင္းျပည္ရဲ႕ အေျပာင္းအလဲကိုလိုလားတဲ့အတြက္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာရဲ႕ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးတပ္ ေတြကို ျပန္ခုခံမွာ မဟုတ္ဘူးလို႔ သံုးသပ္ပါတယ္။

ဘယ္လိုပဲျဖစ္ျဖစ္ ျမန္မာလူထုအတြက္ ကယ္တင္ရွင္ကေတာ့ လုိေနပါတယ္။ အဲဒါလည္း ခုမွမဟုတ္ဘဲ စစ္အစိုးရလက္ထက္ တေလွ်ာက္လံုးလို႔ ဆိုရမလိုပါ။ အဲဒီကယ္တင္ရွင္က အေမရိကန္လား၊ ျပင္သစ္လား၊ အဂၤလန္လား…။ ဘယ္သူပဲျဖစ္ျဖစ္ စစ္အစိုးရထက္ေတာ့ သာမွာပဲဆိုတဲ့စိတ္က သာမန္ျပည္သူေတြရဲ႕ စိတ္ထဲ ကိန္းေအာင္းေနတာေတာ့ အမွန္ပါပဲ။ ။

အေမရိကန္စစ္သေဘၤာ(၃) စီးႏွင့္ ျပင္သစ္သေဘၤာ ျမစ္၀ကၽြန္းေပၚအနီး ေရာက္ၿပီ

NEJ/ ၁၇ ေမ ၂၀၀၈
ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ ဧရာ၀တီတုိင္းမွ မုန္တုိင္းဒုကၡသည္မ်ား ကူညီရန္အတြက္ စစ္အစိုးရခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္မယူဘဲ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံတြင္း အေမရိကန္ ၀င္ေရာက္ေရးကိစၥ အျမန္စဥ္းစားရန္ အေမရိကန္ ေအာက္လႊတ္ ေတာ္ အမတ္မ်ားက အေမရိကန္သမၼတထံ ေသာၾကာေန႔က ေတာင္းဆုိလုိက္သည္။

ျပင္သစ္၊ ၿဗိတိန္၊ ဂ်ာမဏီ၊ ဒိန္းမတ္ႏွင့္ အျခားးႏုိင္ငံမ်ား၏ ေထာက္ခံမႈျဖင့္ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံတြင္း လူမႈေရးအကူအညီအေျခခံၿပီး အေမရိကန္ ၀င္ေရာက္ေရးကိစၥ စဥ္းစားရန္ အေမရိကန္သမၼတဘုရွ္ ထံ အေမရိကန္ေအာက္လႊတ္ေတာ္အမတ္ (၄၀) ေက်ာ္က စုေပါင္းစာေရး ေတာင္းဆုိလုိက္ျခင္း ျဖစ္သည္။

အစိုးရတရပ္အေနျဖင့္္ မိမိျပည္သူမ်ားအေပၚ ကာကြယ္ႏုိင္စြမ္းမရွိေတာ့လွ်င္ လူမႈေရးကိစၥ အေျခ ခံၿပီး ႏုိင္ငံတကာ အသုိင္းအ၀န္းက စစ္ေရးနည္းျဖင့္ ၀င္ေရာက္စြက္ဖက္ႏုိင္ခြင့္ရွိသည္ဟု ၿဗိိတိသွ်ႏုိင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီးေျပာၿပီး မၾကာခင္ အေမရိကန္ေအာက္လႊတ္ေတာ္အမတ္မ်ားက ယခုကဲ့သို႔ ေတာင္းဆုိျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။

ေလာေလာဆယ္ ျမန္မာကမ္းေျခႏွင့္ မုိင္ (၆၀) ေက်ာ္ ကပၸလီပင္လယ္ျပင္တြင္ USS Essex, USS Juneau ႏွင့္ USS Harpers အေမရိကန္ ေရတပ္သေဘၤာ (၃) စီးေရာက္ေနၿပီး ဧရာ၀တီတုိင္း ဒုကၡသည္မ်ားအား ကူညီရန္အသင့္ ရွိေနသည္။ ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရဘက္မွ မီးစိမ္းျပသည္ႏွင့္
ဧရာ၀တီတုိင္းသို႔ တုိက္႐ိုက္ေမာင္းတက္ႏုိင္မည့္ ကမ္းတက္ေရယာဥ္မ်ား၊ ေခတ္မီခြဲစိတ္ခန္းမ်ားကုိ နာရီပုိင္းအတြင္း ျမန္မာကမ္းေျခေရာက္ေအာင္ လုပ္ႏုိင္သည္ဟု အေမရိကန္စစ္ဖက္အရာရွိမ်ားက ေျပာသည္။

ကပၸလီပင္လယ္ျပင္ ႏုိင္ငံတကာေရပုိင္နက္တြင္ အသင့္ရွိေနသည့္ အေမရိကန္ စစ္သေဘၤာမ်ားတြင္ ရဟတ္ယာဥ္ (၂၃) စီး၊ ကမ္းတက္ေရယာဥ္ (၃) စီးႏွင့္ မရိန္းစစ္သား (၁,၈၀၀) ေက်ာ္ ပါ၀င္သည္။

ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရဘက္ကမူ အေမရိကန္စစ္သေဘၤာမ်ား ကူညီမည့္ကိစၥကုိ စဥ္းစားေနပါသည္ဟုသာ အေၾကာင္းျပန္ထားဆဲျဖစ္သည္။

ထုိအေတာအတြင္း ျမန္မာေရပုိင္နက္အနီးသို႔ ျပင္သစ္မွ စစ္သေဘၤာ(၁) စီး ေစလႊတ္ထားသည္ဟု ကုလသမဂၢဆုိင္ရာ ျမန္မာသံအမတ္က စြပ္စြဲသည္။ သုိ႔ေသာ္ ထုိသေဘၤာမွာ ျမန္မာဒုကၡသည္မ်ား ကူညီရန္ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးပစၥည္းမ်ား တင္ေဆာင္ထားသည့္ သေဘၤာသာျဖစ္ၿပီး စစ္သေဘၤာ မဟုတ္ေၾကာင္း၊ စေနေန႔တြင္ ဧရာ၀တီတုိင္းႏွင့္ မလွမ္းမကမ္း ႏုိင္ငံတကာေရျပင္တြင္ ျပင္သစ္ သေဘၤာေရာက္မည္ဟု ကုလသမဂၢဆုိင္ရာ ျပင္သစ္သံအမတ္ႀကီး Jean-Maurice Ripert က

အဆုိပါ ျပင္သစ္သေဘၤာတြင္ အစားအစာ ေဆး၀ါး စသည့္ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးပစၥည္း တန္ခ်ိန္ (၁,၅၀၀)၊ ျမစ္၀ကၽြန္းေပၚတေလွ်ာက္ အသြားအလာ ခက္သည့္ ေနရာမ်ားထိ ေတာက္ေလွ်ာက္ ခုတ္ေမာင္းႏုိင္သည့္ စက္ေလွငယ္မ်ား၊ ေလေၾကာင္းမွ အစားအစာ ခ်ေပးရန္ ရဟတ္ယာဥ္ အငယ္စားမ်ား၊ ဆရာ၀န္မ်ား ပါ၀င္သည္ဟု ျပင္သစ္သံအမတ္ႀကီး မစၥတာ Ripert က ေျပာသည္။

ေလာေလာဆယ္တြင္ ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရဘက္မွ ျမန္မာေရပုိင္နက္သို႔ ျပင္သစ္ကယ္ဆယ္ေရး သေဘၤာ ၀င္ေရာက္ခြင့္ ျငင္းဆန္ထားဆဲျဖစ္ၿပီး ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးပစၥည္းမ်ားကုိိ ေလေၾကာင္းႏွင့္ ရန္ကုန္သို႔ပို႔ရန္သာ အေၾကာင္းျပန္ထားသည္ဟု ၎က ဆက္လက္္ေျပာၾကားသည္။ ။