Friday, May 30, 2008

Canada Boosts Support for Burma Cyclone Relief


Canada is encouraging donations and boosting government support of cyclone relief efforts in Burma while condemning an extension of Nobel Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi's detention by a year.
Minister of International Cooperation Beverley Oda announced on Monday that the Canadian government will extend its matching funds program from June 6 to June 13 and roll back its start date to May 2 from May 15.
May 2 was the day Cyclone Nargis struck the Irrawaddy Delta in the south of Burma, now called Myannmar by the ruling military junta. The cyclone left an estimated 2.4 million people destitute and 134,000 more missing or dead.
"Many people expect this disaster will lead to political change in Burma," says Tin Maung Htoo, executive director of Canadian Friends of Burma.
However, the regime continues to block the large-scale international relief operation that has been launched and this has drawn the world's attention, adds Maung Htoo.
The military junta has always been "suspicious of foreigners and very, very paranoid," he says. Police impose restrictions and difficulties on foreign aid workers, confiscating relief supplies, detaining donors, and impounding their vehicles.
Only a few aid workers have been allowed to enter Burma and the area they have permission to reach is very limited, says Maung Htoo.
"Aid workers cannot reach some places where people have the hardest difficulties in terms of the cyclone in the villages." Speaking at a security council debate on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, John McNee, the Canadian ambassador to the UN, said states that block aid should be taken to task, according to a National Post report. "Those who refuse access cannot be allowed to act with impunity," he said. "Enhanced accountability, underscored by a clear demonstration by the council that systematic denial of access will not be tolerated, is more important than ever." In addition, an international outcry erupted this week when the military junta again extended the detention by one year of Suu Kyi, leader of the National League for Democracy. The junta refused to recognize Suu Kyi's landslide election victory in 1990 who has since then spent more than 12 years under some form of detention.
In a statement released Wednesday, Foreign Affairs Minister David Emerson said "Canada condemns [the] extension of Aung San Suu Kyi's house arrest" and called for her immediate release.
Meanwhile, a fire in the visa section of the Burmese embassy in Bangkok, Thailand on Tuesday may have destroyed the passports of hundreds of aid workers applying for visas to enter Burma. News reports stated that the fire was caused by an electrical shortage, but it would not be unreasonable to assume that it was a political tactic to delay the visa process, Maung Htoo alleges.
Yet he noted that the military junta "knows that if they don't allow aid workers to come in to help the people without any food, water, or shelter, it would be a disaster for them in terms of holding onto power."
Burma's senior general Than Shwe last week promised visiting UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon that the regime would allow all aid workers full access to the delta.
Although Maung Htoo says no progress on the relief efforts have yet been seen, he noted the junta also recognizes that "the international call for the Responsibility to Protect is getting stronger and louder and it could lead to some kind of action by the international community."
Earlier this month French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner suggested that the UN Security Council invoke Responsibility to Protect (R2P), an international security and human rights doctrine conceived by former Canadian foreign minister Lloyd Axworthy in the aftermath of the horrors of Kosovo and Rwanda.
Adopted by the U.N. in 2005, R2P maintains that the international community has a responsibility to protect a population suffering serious harm if a country cannot or will not protect its own people.
While R2P — which addresses genocide, war crimes, ethic cleansing, and crimes against humanity — does not specifically refer to natural disasters, there is support to apply it to help aid to the victims of the Burma cyclone, including from Mr. Axworthy.
Maung Htoo urges Canada to take the lead, along with likeminded countries such as France, the U.S., and the U.K., to push R2P forward.
"Canada's support is quite strong both in the relief effort and on the political front," he says. In addition to the incentive of matching funds to increase individual donations, Canada has committed a $14 million contribution.
And according to a National Post report, Canadian ambassador to the UN John McNee has called on the UN Security Council to punish countries that block humanitarian aid. Calling the crisis in Burma "a matter of life and death," he said that "those who refuse access cannot be allowed to act with impunity."
"This is the opportune time for the international community to step in," says Maung Htoo.
"This relief effort is a priority for all of us," he said, but "at the same time it is a very temporary measure while Burma needs a long-term solution … to have change inside the country politically too."
The humanitarian effort and R2P can pave the way for political change, and currently "it's quite clear… we have some substance with which we can increase our pressure," Maung Htoo says.
"If not now, then when?"

နအဖ အတည္ျပဳလိုက္တဲ့ ဖြဲ႔စည္းပုံ အတုိက္အခံမ်ားလက္မခံ


ျပည္သူကို ကိုယ္စားျပဳတဲ့ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ေတြ မပါဘဲနဲ႔ စစ္အစိုးရက တဖက္သက္ ေရးဆြဲထားတဲ့ ဖြဲ႔စည္းအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ပံုကို မေထာက္ခံဘူးလို႔ အဲန္အယ္လ္ဒီ အမ်ိဳးသားဒီမိုကေရစီအဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ အပါအ၀င္ အတိုက္အခံ အဖြဲ႔ေတြက ေျပာဆိုလိုက္ပါတယ္။ ၿပီးခဲ့တဲ့ ဖြဲ႔စည္းအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ပံု မူၾကမ္း ဆႏၵခံယူပြဲ ၉၂ % ေက်ာ္ ေထာက္ခံမဲရခဲ့တယ္လို႔ စစ္အစိုးရက ေျပာၾကားလိုက္တာနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီးေတာ့ အဲန္အယ္လ္ဒီ ေျပာခြင့္ရ ပုဂၢိဳလ္ ဦးဉာဏ္၀င္းက အခုလို စေျပာျပပါတယ္။

“က်ေနာ္တို႔က အရင္လည္း ေျပာထားၿပီးသားအတိုင္း ျပန္ေျပာရမွာပဲ။ အတည္ျပဳတယ္ဆိုတဲ့ ဖြဲ႔စည္းအေျခခံဥပေဒဟာ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္၊ ျပည္သူ႔ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ေတြ မပါဘူး။ မပါဘဲနဲ႔ ေရးဆြဲထားတာ။ ေနာက္ဆံုးပါတာလဲ ၁ % ပဲ။ အဲဒါေၾကာင့္ အဲဒီထဲက က်ေနာ္တို႔က ဒီအေျခခံဥပေဒကို လက္မခံပါဘူး။ အခု အတည္ျပဳလိုက္တယ္ဆိုတာလည္း ေမလ ၁၀ ရက္နဲ႔ ၂၄ ရက္ေန႔မွာလုပ္တဲ့ ဆႏၵခံယူပြဲ။ အဲဒီဆႏၵခံယူပြဲမွာလည္း ျပည္သူ႔ဆႏၵ အမွန္တကယ္ မပါဘူး။ ဥပေဒနဲ႔အညီ ျပဌာန္းၿပီးေတာ့ အဲဒီ ျပဌာန္းတဲ့ ဥပေဒအားလံုးကို ေဖာက္ဖ်က္ၿပီး ေဆာင္ရြက္ထားတာ။ တနည္းအားျဖင့္ေျပာရင္ ျပည္သူ႔ဆႏၵကို အတင္း အဓမၼ ရယူထားတဲ့အတြက္ တရား၀င္မႈ မရွိဘူးလို႔ ေျပာခ်င္ပါတယ္။”

အဲန္အယ္လ္ဒီ ေျပာခြင့္ရပုဂၢိဳလ္ ဦးဉာဏ္၀င္း ေျပာျပသြားတာပါ။ ဒါ့အျပင္ ျပည္သူကို ကုိယ္စားျပဳတဲ့ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ေတြ မပါ၀င္ဘဲ စစ္အစိုးရက တဖက္သက္ ေရးဆြဲထားတဲ့ ဖြဲ႔စည္းပံုအေျခခံမူၾကမ္းကို ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ကိုယ္စားျပဳ ေကာ္မတီ (CRPP) အေနနဲ႔ ေထာက္ခံျခင္း မရွိဘူးလို႔ CRPP အတြင္းေရးမွဴး ဦးေအးသာေအာင္ကလည္း ဗီအိုေအကို အခုလို ေျပာျပပါတယ္။

“နအဖ အေနနဲ႔ တဖက္သက္ ေရးဆြဲထားတဲ့ ဖြဲ႔စည္းအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ပံု အေျခခံဥပေဒျဖစ္တယ္။ ၁၉၉၀ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲမွာ အႏိုင္ရထားတဲ့ လႊတ္ေတာ္ကုိယ္စားလွယ္မ်ားနဲ႔ ေရးဆြဲထားတာလည္း မရွိဘူး။ ေနာက္တခါ ဒီ ဖြဲ႔စည္းအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ပံု အေျခခံဥပေဒကို အတည္ျပဳဖို႔ ႀကိဳးစားတဲ့လုပ္ရပ္အေပၚမွာေရာ၊ အတည္ျပဳတဲ့လုပ္ရပ္အေပၚမွာေရာ က်ေနာ့္အေနနဲ႔ ဒါကို လက္မခံသလို ဒါဟာ တရား၀င္မႈလည္း မရွိဘူးလို႔ ေျပာခ်င္ပါတယ္။”

ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကုိယ္စားျပဳ ေကာ္မတီ အတြင္းေရးမွဴး ဦးေအးသာေအာင္ ေျပာသြားတာပါ။ ဒီဖြဲ႔စည္းပံု မူၾကမ္းကို အတည္ျပဳလိုက္တယ္လို႔ ထုတ္ျပန္ေၾကညာလိုက္တဲ့အေပၚ တိုင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ိဳးမ်ား ေကာင္စီ (ENC) အေနနဲ႔လည္း ေထာက္ခံျခင္းမရွိဘူးလို႔ ENC တြဲဖက္ အတြင္းေရးမွဴး ေစာေဒးဗစ္ေထာကလည္း ဗီအိုေအကို အခုလို ေျပာျပပါတယ္။

“က်ေနာ္တို႔အေနနဲ႔ ဒီဟာကိုေတာ့ လက္မခံႏိုင္ပါဘူး။ ဘာျဖစ္လို႔လည္းဆိုေတာ့ အေျခခံဥပေဒကို အတည္ျပဳေရးကိစၥနဲ႔ပတ္သက္ၿပီးေတာ့ လုပ္ေဆာင္ေနတဲ့အခ်ိန္ကာလမွာ လူေတာ္ေတာ္မ်ားမ်ားက မဲေပးဖို႔အတြက္ကို စိတ္မ၀င္စားတဲ့အခ်ိန္လို႔ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ေျပာလို႔ရသလို တဖက္ကလည္း ဒီ မဲေပးတာနဲ႔ပတ္သက္ၿပီးေတာ့ ၿခိမ္းေျခာက္မႈေတြ ရွိေနတဲ့ဟာကို အားလံုးက သိရွိေနရတဲ့အတြက္ေၾကာင့္ ဒီ ၉၂ % ေက်ာ္မဲဆိုတာကေတာ့ မျဖစ္ႏိုင္ဘူးလို႔ပဲ က်ေနာ္တို႔ တိုင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ိဳးမ်ားေကာင္စီက ေျပာခ်င္တယ္။”

တိုင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ိဳးမ်ားေကာင္စီက တြဲဖက္အတြင္းေရးမွဴး ေစာေဒးဗစ္ေထာ ေျပာသြားတာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

မုန္တုိင္းဒုကၡသည္မ်ားအတြက္ ကမၻာ့က်န္းမာေရးအဖြဲ႕က ေဒၚလာသန္းေပါင္းမ်ားစြာ သုံးစြဲမည္


မုန္တိုင္းဒဏ္သင့္ခဲ့တဲ့ ေဒသေတြကလူေတြကို သူတို႔ေနရပ္ေတြဆီ အခ်ိန္အခါမသင့္ေသးဘဲ အတင္းအက်ပ္ျပန္ပို႔ တာမ်ဳိးကို ကုလသမဂၢအေနနဲ႔ အတည္ျပဳ ေထာက္ခံခ်က္မေပးပါဘူုးလို႔ ကုလသမဂၢ တာ၀န္ရွိသူေတြက ေျပာလိုက္ပါတယ္။ ဒီလို လုပ္တာဟာ ေနာက္ထပ္ ေဘးအႏၲရာယ္ေတြကို ၾကံဳေတြ႔ရေစႏုိင္တယ္လို႔လည္း သတိေပးလိုက္ပါတယ္။ အျပည့္အစံုကို ဘန္ေကာက္ေရာက္ ဗီြအိုေအ၀ိုင္းေတာ္သား ကိုေက်ာ္ေက်ာ္သိန္းက ဆက္ေျပာျပပါမယ္။

မုန္တိုင္းဒဏ္သင့္လူထုကို ကူညီကယ္ဆယ္ေရးလုပ္ငန္းေတြ တျဖည္းျဖည္း အရွိန္ျမင့္လာတာနဲ႔အမွ် မုန္တိုင္းဒဏ္သင့္လူထု ကုိယ့္ရပ္ကိုယ္ရြာျပန္ၿပီး မိမိတို႔ အသက္ေမြး၀မ္းေက်ာင္းဘ၀ေတြ ျပန္တည္ေဆာက္ႏုိင္္ေရးဟာ အေတာ့္ကို အေရးႀကီးတဲ့ အေျခ အေနမွာ ေရာက္ေနၿပီလို႔ ေျပာခဲ့သူကေတာ့ ကုလသမဂၢ လူသားေဘးဒုကၡဆိုင္ရာ ကူညီကယ္ဆယ္ေရး႐ံုး OCHA ရဲ႕ အာရွေဒသ ၫႊန္ၾကားေရးမွဴး မစၥတာ တာရီယဲ စကာ့ဗ္ဒါးလ္ (Terje Skavdal) ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ ဒါဟာ မိမိသေဘာနဲ႔မိမိျဖစ္ရမယ္၊ တိုင္ပင္ညႇိႏိႈင္းေဆာင္ရြက္တဲ့ကိစၥျဖစ္ရမယ္လို႔ သူက ေထာက္ျပလိုက္ပါတယ္။ ကုလသမဂၢအေနနဲ႔ကေတာ့ အတင္းအက်ပ္ ေနရပ္ရင္းျပန္ခုိင္းတာမ်ဳိးကို မေထာက္ခံပါဘူးတဲ့။

“ဘာေထာက္ပံ့မႈ၊ ဘာ၀န္ေဆာင္မႈမွမရွိဘဲ ျပန္ခုိင္းတာမ်ဳိးကို က်ေနာ္တို႔ မေထာက္ခံပါဘူး။ လူေတြကို ျပန္လည္ေနရာခ်ထားရာ မွာ ကူညီ ေထာက္ပံ့ဖို႔လိုပါတယ္။ သူတို႔ေနရပ္ေတြဆီ မျပန္ခင္မွာကို ေက်နပ္ေလာက္ဖြယ္ရာ အေျခအေနေတြ ဖန္တည္းေပးဖို႔ လိုပါတယ္။ လူေတြကို အင္အားသံုးျပန္ပို႔တာမ်ဳိးကို လံုး၀ လက္မခံပါဘူး။ ဒီအခ်က္နဲ႔ပတ္သက္ၿပီး အာဏာပိုင္ေတြကို ကုလသမဂၢ က ရွင္းရွင္းလင္းလင္း ေျပာထားၿပီးပါၿပီ။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ဆက္ၿပီး ေစာင့္ၾကည့္သြားပါမယ္။” လို႔ မစၥတာ တာရီယဲ စကာ့ဗ္ဒါးလ္က ေျပာ သြားပါတယ္။

ဒါ့အျပင္ မၾကာေသးခင္ ရက္ပိုင္းကမွ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက ျပန္ေရာက္လာခဲ့တဲ့ ကုလသမဂၢ ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ား အေရးေပၚရန္ပံုေငြအဖြဲ႔ UNICEF ရဲ႕ အာရွေဒသ ၫႊန္ၾကားေရးမွဴး မစၥ အႏုပါမာ ေရာင္ ဆင္းဂ္ (Ms. Anupama Rao Singh) ကလည္း အခ်ိန္အခါ မသင့္ခင္ လူေတြျပန္ပို႔တာဟာ အေတာ္ေလး အႏၲရာယ္ရွိပါတယ္လို႔ သတိေပးခဲ့ပါတယ္။

“လူေတြကို အခ်ိန္အခါမသင့္ခင္ ျပန္ပို႔တာ၊ ျပန္လည္ေနရာခ်ထားတာဟာ အေတာ္ေလး စိုးရိမ္ဖြယ္အႏၲရာယ္ရွိတယ္လို႔ မိမိထင္ ပါတယ္။ ဘာ့ေၾကာင့္လည္းဆိုေတာ့ ေနရာေဒသ စတုရန္းမိုင္ ရာေပါင္း ေထာင္ေပါင္းမ်ားစြာဟာ လံုး၀ ေရလႊမ္းမိုးေနပါတယ္။ လူ ေတြျပန္သြားရင္ တကယ့္အႏၲရာယ္က ဘာလဲဆုိေတာ့ သူတို႔ေနရာေတြမွာ အသက္ကယ္ ေထာက္ပံ့၀န္ေဆာင္မႈေတြကို မရ ေတာ့မယ့္အေျခအေနပါ။ ဒါ့ေၾကာင့္ မိမိတို႔အားလံုးဟာ ေရာဂါဘယေတြနဲ႔ ကပ္ေဘးေတြက်ေရာက္မယ့္ ဒုတိယလိႈင္းနဲ႔ တကယ့္ ကို ရင္ဆိုင္ၾကရပါမယ္။” လို႔ မစၥအႏုပါမာက အေလးအနက္ သတိေပးခဲ့ပါတယ္။

ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက မုန္တိုင္းဒဏ္သင့္လူထုအတြက္ ကူညီကယ္ဆယ္ေရးေတြ လုပ္ေဆာင္ေရးမွာ ကုလသမဂၢနဲ႔ ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရၾကား သေဘာတူညီမႈေတြ ရရွိခဲ့တာ သီတင္းတပတ္ၾကာသြားၿပီျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ လက္ရွိမွာေတာ့ ကုလသမဂၢတာ၀န္ရွိသူေတြဟာ ျမစ္၀ ကၽြန္းေပၚေဒသကို လြတ္လြတ္လပ္လပ္နဲ႔ ျမန္ျမန္ဆန္ဆန္ သြားေရာက္ႏုိင္ေရးရဲ႕ အေရးႀကီးပံုကို ဆက္ၿပီးေတာ့ ေထာက္ျပ ေျပာဆုိေနရဆဲပဲရွိပါေသးတယ္။ မစၥတာ တာရီယဲ စကာ့ဗ္ဒါးလ္ က -

“ႏိုင္ငံတကာၾကက္ေျခနီနဲ႔ လျခမ္းနီအသင္းမ်ားအဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ IFRC က ကၽြမ္းက်င္သူေတြအပါအ၀င္ အစိုးရမဟုတ္တဲ့ ႏုိင္ငံတကာအဖြဲ႔ အစည္းေတြက ကၽြမ္းက်င္သူေတြ ျမစ္၀ကၽြန္းေပၚေဒသဆီကို ဗ်ဴ႐ိုကေရစီယႏၲယား အတားအဆီးေတြမရွိဘဲ ျမန္ႏိုင္သမွ် ျမန္ျမန္ ပိုၿပီးေတာ့ အေရအတြက္မ်ားမ်ား သြားႏိုင္တာကို က်ေနာ္တို႔ျမင္လိုပါတယ္။” လို႔ ေျပာခဲ့ပါတယ္။

ကုလသမဂၢ၀န္ထမ္းေတြ ျမစ္၀ကၽြန္းေပၚေဒသသြားေရာက္ႏုိင္ေရးအတြက္ ႀကိဳတင္ခြင့္ျပဳမိန္႔ေတာင္းခံရမယ့္ ကာလကို သီတင္း ႏွစ္ပတ္ကေန ႏွစ္ရက္အထိ အစိုးရကေလွ်ာ့ခ်ေပးခဲ့ေပမယ့္ အစိုးရမဟုတ္တဲ့အဖြဲ႔အစည္းေတြအတြက္ ဘယ္ေလာက္ၾကာမယ္ ဆိုတာ ရွင္းရွင္းလင္းလင္းမရွိပါဘူး။

ႏိုင္ငံတကာကအကူအညီေတြကို မုန္တိုင္းဒဏ္သင့္လူထု ထိထိေရာက္ေရာက္နဲ႔ ျမန္ျမန္ဆန္ဆန္ရရွိႏိုင္ေရးမွာ အာဏာပိုင္ေတြ ေၾကာင့္ ေႏွာင့္ေႏွးမႈေတြၾကံဳေနရတယ္ဆိုတဲ့ သတင္းေတြ ထြက္ေပၚေနခဲ့တာကလည္း ရက္အတန္ရွိပါၿပီ။ ကုလသမဂၢနဲ႔ ႏိုင္ငံ တကာ အဖြဲ႔အစည္းေတြရဲ႕ တာ၀န္ရွိသူေတြဟာ ဒီအခ်က္ကို ပြင့္ပြင့္လင္းလင္း ၀န္ခံေျပာၾကားမႈမရွိေပမယ့္ သူတို႔ ေျပာသေလာက္ မွာကိုပဲ အဟန္႔အတားေတြရွိေနတယ္ဆိုတာ ေပၚလြင္ေနပါတယ္။

ႏိုင္ငံတကာၾကက္ေျခနီနဲ႔ လျခမ္းနီအသင္းမ်ားအဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ IFRC ရဲ႕ အေရးေပၚအမိုးအကာ ေထာက္ပံ့ေရးက႑ လုပ္ငန္းညႇိႏိႈင္းေရး မွဴး မစၥတာ ဂရက္ဂ္ မက္ေဒၚနယ္လ္ဒ္ (Mr.Gregg McDonald) က အမိုးအကာေတြျဖန္႔ျဖဴးႏိုင္ေရးဟာ မိမိတု႔ိကိုေပးထားတဲ့ ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္အတိုင္းအတာေပၚမွာ မူတည္ေနပါတယ္၊ ဒါေပမယ့္ ေနာက္ သီတင္းေျခာက္ပတ္အတြင္းမွာ မုန္တိုင္းသင့္လူထုရဲ႕ ၄၀ ရာခိုင္ႏႈန္းဆီကို ျဖန္႔ျဖဴးေပးႏိုင္ဖို႔ စီစဥ္ထားပါတယ္တဲ့။

“ျပည္တြင္းမွာ ျဖန္႔ျဖဴးေရးဟာ စိန္ေခၚမႈတရပ္အျဖစ္ ရွိေနပါေသးတယ္၊ လုပ္ေဆာင္ႏိုင္စြမ္းကလည္း နိမ့္ေနဆဲပါ။ ဒါေပမယ့္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံၾကက္ေျခနီအဖြဲ႔ရဲ႕ အက်ယ္ျပန္႔ဆံုးကြန္ယက္နဲ႔အတူ အဖြဲ႔ေတြဟာ သြားလာခြင့္ေတြ ပိုရလာေနၾကပါၿပီ။” လို႔ဆိုပါတယ္။

ဇြန္လ ၂ ရက္ေန႔မွာ ေက်ာင္းေတြျပန္ဖြင့္ေတာ့မယ္လို႔ အစိုးရကေၾကညာထားတဲ့အတြက္ ယူနီဆက္ဖ္အေနနဲ႔ မုန္တိုင္းဒဏ္သင့္ ကေလးသူငယ္ေတြ ပညာသင္ႏွစ္တႏွစ္လံုး လြတ္မသြားေစဖို႔ ဦးစားေပးလုပ္ေဆာင္ေနတယ္လို႔ မစၥ အႏုပါမာကေျပာပါတယ္။

“ကေလးသူငယ္ေတြအတြက္ ပညာေရး၀န္ေဆာင္မႈေပးဖို႔ ဘယ္လို ေႏွာင့္ေႏွးမႈမ်ဳိးမဆို၊ ပညာသင္ႏွစ္တႏွစ္လံုး လြတ္သြားႏိုင္ေျခ ရွိေနတာမ်ဳိးဟာ ကေလးေတြရဲ႕အနာဂတ္အတြက္ မေကာင္းပါဘူး။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ ပညာေရး၀န္ေဆာင္မႈေတြ ျပန္လည္ ထူေထာင္ ေရးကို ဦးစားေပးအျဖစ္ မိမိသတ္မွတ္ပါတယ္။” လို႔ မစၥအႏုပါမာက ေျပာသြားပါတယ္။

ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာၾကံဳေနရတဲ့ လူသားေဘးဒုကၡကပ္ႀကီးဟာ အင္ဒိုနီးရွားႏိုင္ငံ၊ အာေခ်းေဒသမွာျဖစ္ခဲ့တဲ့ အတိုင္းအတာ ပမာဏနဲ႔ အေတာ့္ကို တူတယ္လို႔ ဆိုပါတယ္။ လက္ေတြ႔ လုပ္ကိုင္ရတဲ့အေျခအေနခ်င္းသာ မတူတာပါတဲ့။ ဒါ့ေၾကာင့္လည္း ကူညီ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးအဆင့္ဟာ ၿပီးမသြားေသးဘူး၊ ေနာက္ထပ္ လအေတာ္ၾကာ ဆက္သြားရဦးမယ္ဆိုတာကို ကုလသမဂၢ တာ၀န္ရွိသူ ေတြအားလံုးက ေျပာေနၾကတာပဲျဖစ္ေၾကာင္းပါခင္ဗ်ား။
မန္မာႏုိင္ငံမွာ ဆုိင္ကလုံးေလမုန္တုိင္း
ဒဏ္ခံလုိက္ရတဲ့ ေဒသမ်ားအတြက္ ေဒၚလာသန္းေပါင္းမ်ားစြာ အကုန္ခံၿပီး
WHO ကမၻာ့က်န္းမာေရးအဖြဲ႕ခ်ဳပ္နဲ႔ လုပ္ကိုင္မယ့္ေအဂ်င္စီမ်ားက က်န္းမာ
ေရး ေစာင့္ေရွာက္မႈလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား
လုပ္ေဆာင္သြားမယ္လုိ႔ ဆုိပါတယ္။

ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံက က်န္းမာေရးေစာင့္ေရွာက္
မႈလုပ္ငန္း ၅၀% ေလာက္ ပ်က္စီးသြားလုိ႔
အဲဒီေငြမ်ားနဲ႔ လာမယ့္ ၆ လမွာ ျပန္လည္ ထူေထာင္ေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား လုပ္ေဆာင္သြားမယ္လုိ႔ WHO က ၾကာသပေတးေန႔မွာ
ေၾကညာပါတယ္။

ေလေဘးဒုကၡသည္ ၂,၄၀၀,၀၀၀ ေလာက္ဟာ ေသာက္ေရ၊ အစားအစာနဲ႔ ေဆး၀ါး
မ်ား မရၾကေသးလုိ႔ ကူးစက္ေရာဂါမ်ား ျဖစ္ေပၚမလာေရးကိုလည္း ႀကိဳးပမ္းသြားမယ္
လို႔ WHO ကဆုိၿပီး လုပ္ငန္းတခုလုံးအတြက္ ေဒၚလာ ၂၈ သန္း လုိအပ္လိမ့္မယ္လုိ႔
တာ၀န္ခံမ်ားက ထုတ္ေဖာ္ေျပာဆုိပါတယ္။

ကုလသမဂၢ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရး၀န္ထမ္း အားလုံးအပါအ၀င္ ႏုိင္ငံျခားကၽြမ္းက်င္သူ
အေတာ္မ်ားမ်ားအား စစ္အစိုးရက ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံတြင္း ၀င္ခြင့္ဗီဇာမ်ား ပိုမုိထုတ္ေပး
ေနၿပီျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ေထာက္ပံ့ေရးေအဂ်င္စီမ်ားက ဆုိပါတယ္။

ေလမုန္တုိင္းေၾကာင့္ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံရဲ႕ အဓိကစပါးစုိက္ပ်ဳိးရာ ဧရာ၀တီတုိင္း ပ်က္စီးသြား
လို႔ စားနပ္ရိကၡာအေထာက္အပ့ံ အနည္းဆုံး တႏွစ္လုိအပ္လိမ့္မယ္လို႔ FAO ကမၻာ့
စားနပ္ရိကၡာနဲ႔ စိုက္ပ်ဳိးေရးအဖြဲ႕က ဆုိပါတယ္။ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ ျပန္လည္ထူေထာင္ေရး
အတြက္ ႏုိင္ငံျခားအေထာက္အပံ့ ေဒၚလာ ၁၁ ဘီလီယံေပးၾကဖုိ႔ စစ္အစိုးရက
ေတာင္းခံထားပါတယ္။

အႏႈိင္းမဲ့ ေမတၱာရွင္


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New kid on the immigration block

UAW going to bat for immigrant workers in Canada
Immigration by Guidy Mamann
June 23, 2008 05:00
Folks, there’s a new kid on the immigration block.
This one doesn’t wear a suit and tie nor does it don legal robes.
Nope, this one is more accustomed to hard hats and steeled-toed boots.
This hulking giant has the financial and political backing of an army of 280,000 Canadian men and women and knows more than a thing or two about political action. This new player has a rapid response network at its disposal and focuses on injustice in the Canadian workplace.
This kid has now taken up the cause of one group of foreign workers in Canada who could use a bit of muscle behind it.
This goliath is the United Steelworkers Workers Union, District 6.
The Ontario district of the USW doesn’t mince words. It unabashedly describes itself as “A strong, militant union fighting for justice”.
Well, if the USW is looking for injustice, it’s come to the right place. There’s tons of injustice to go around in the immigration business. So, welcome aboard.
On June 10, the USW announced that it had formed a new association to take on the cause of nannies and caregivers who are, or who have been, participating in Canada’s Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP). The USW teamed up with Migrante-Ontario, an alliance of Filipino migrants in the province, to establish the “Independent Workers Association”.
This new organization will offer representation, “based on a union model” to workers in the LCP. The USW has signaled that it will defend the interests of marginalized workers who do not have traditional bargaining relationships and who are vulnerable to exploitation and abuse.
The first act of the union, through its new entity, was to immediately take up the cause of my firm’s client, Juana Tejada, the nanny who completed her two years of service in Canada but whose application for permanent residence was refused after she was diagnosed with terminal cancer.
For now, the Independent Workers Association seems to be limiting its focus on the plight of nannies through its “Home Workers Section”. However, the organization is very diverse in its membership and could form new “sections”. At any given time, there are many thousands of foreign workers in Canada in numerous sectors. If the USW decides to go to bat for all of them, this could dramatically improve the lot of these workers who can easily be taken advantage of.
Our immigration department can always match the muscle of any immigration law firm since it has a large team of lawyers on its payroll at the Department of Justice and has limitless resources. When it does lose a major battle here and there, it can simply change the rules of the game.
In the face of systemic injustice, immigration lawyers and consultants cannot match the organizational and financial resources of the USW. It looks like they may soon have a very powerful, albeit unlikely, political ally in the USW if the organization decides that all foreign workers in Canada need a well organized and well resourced champion in their corner.














နိုင္ငံတကာ အကူအညီမ်ား ၾကန္႕ၾကာ





ေန႕စဥ္ရက္ဆက္ေသဆံုးေနသူမ်ား





Myanmar: Junta Upset Over Aid Pledges


The ruling junta, disappointed that international aid pledges for cyclone relief added up to $150 million, rather than the $11 billion it asked for, insisted that survivors could get by without foreign handouts. “People from the Irrawaddy Delta can survive on their own, even without bars of chocolate donated by the international community,” said the government-run Myanma Ahlin newspaper, adding that they could live on “fresh vegetables that grow wild in the fields and on protein-rich fish from the rivers.” No aid agency is known to be distributing chocolate bars.

The commentary also criticized an unidentified monetary institution’s “act of inhumanity,” saying it had refused to help survivors. Last week, Juan José Daboub, the managing director of the World Bank, said the bank would not extend any financial aid to Myanmar because it had not paid its debts for a decade. Still, the United Nations reported that dozens of visas had been approved for international relief workers to enter the country, and that more were being allowed into the delta, which had been off limits to Westerners since the storm left 1.5 million survivors homeless.

Myanmar appoints Deputy FM as Chairman representing Myanmar in tripartite core group


YANGON, May 30 (Xinhua) -- Myanmar Friday appointed its Deputy Foreign Minister U Kyaw Thu as Chairman representing the country in a Yangon-based tripartite core group, the State Radio quoting the National Disaster Preparedness Central Committee reported.

The tripartite core group, also comprising representatives from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the United Nations, is a working mechanism for coordination, facilitating and monitoring the flow of international assistance into Myanmar cyclone-hit areas.

The core group was established at an ASEAN-UN international pledging conference held in Yangon last weekend, attended by 51 countries and 24 UN organizations and international non-governmental organizations following the establishment of an ASEAN Humanitarian Task Force led by the ASEAN Secretary-General Surin Pitsuwan.

The task force is beginning work immediately to ensure full information exchange, close coordination, relief and recovery efforts and resolution of any problems which may arise.

The 51 participating countries pledged in the conference their determination to help Myanmar overcome cyclone tragedy and resume their normal lives as quickly as possible. They said this event was an important exercise towards building a great trust, confidence and cooperation between Myanmar government and the international community.

The international community is ready to consider helping Myanmar government for longer term as Myanmar made clear the scale of the rehabilitation, reconstruction and recovery efforts likely to be needed and the immediate requirement to ensure that farming and fishing activities could be resumed as soon as possible, not least to ensure that as much rice as possible can be planted in the forthcoming planting season.

The ASEAN-UN international pledging conference was held to seek further international financial aid commitment for Myanmar's cyclone aid relief and rehabilitation efforts.

The conference, hosted by Myanmar, was attended by Myanmar Prime Minister General Thein Sein, ASEAN Secretary-General Surin Pitsuwan, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, ASEAN Chairman and Singapore Foreign Minister George Yeo and Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi along with other delegates from ASEAN member states, donor countries as well as those from UN agencies, international financial institutions and non-governmental organizations.