Thursday, September 23, 2010

Trouble Brewing With Burma?

Trouble Brewing With Burma?
September 22, 2010By Jason Miks
China Power
China is an increasingly unwelcome presence in Burma, a new ICG report suggests.
Image credit:Franz Patzig
While I'm traveling I asked a few China watchers to share their thoughts on some subjects of interest. Here's a guest entry by Kelley Currie, a senior fellow with the Project 2049 Institute.
On September 21, the International Crisis Group released an interesting new report on China's relationship with Burma. While ostensibly hooked to the Burmese junta's electoral machinations, the report is most compelling in its findings and analysis on cross-border issues, including: the increasingly complex nature of China's relations with various ethnic groups in Burma; rising tensions between Beijing and Kunming over management of relationships with both the Burmese junta and the ethnic nationalities; and the growing phenomenon of anti-Chinese sentiment within Burma.
There are competing theories about the overall power balance between China and Burma, most of which miss the subtlety of the actual relationship. Some observers believe that China holds great influence over Burma, and some even go so far as to blame US policy for this state of affairs. Others contend that China has little influence over the recalcitrant junta, which acts solely according to (depending on who you ask) the capricious whim or Machiavellian stratagems of its strongman, Senior General Than Shwe. The ICG prudently maintains that the truth is to be found somewhere in the middle, and that the balance of power in the relationship is becoming increasingly complicated over time, not least due to the nature and scope of China's increasing economic involvement in Burma.
The ICG report provides some useful insights into the increasingly negative perception of Chinese economic activity in Burma, particularly on projects in areas inhabited by ethnic nationalities who have long been estranged from the Burman central authorities. The catalogue of alleged abuses and complaints will be familiar  to anyone who has looked at Chinese investments and projects in other resource-rich developing countries.
ICG's findings on this issue are consistent with what I was told earlier this year by another researcher who had recently done field work in the Kachin and Wa areas. He found a strong and rising anti-Chinese sentiment that was increasingly taking the form of physical harassment of Chinese expatriates in Burma. My contact also told me that when he tried to explain the depth of anti-Chinese sentiment to Chinese officials in Kunming and Beijing, they seemed shocked by what he had to say.
They shouldn't have been. I remember conversations with Burmese friends going back more than a decade in which they complained about upper Burma becoming a Chinese colony, and rumours that Than Shwe himself maintains a very strong personal antipathy toward Chinese. Mandalay has long been referred to as a 'Chinese city', and there has long been grumbling about the ease with which Chinese immigrants could purchase Burmese identity cards from corrupt officials.
These feelings have intensified over time as Chinese investment in Burma has grown beyond an influx of petty traders to include large-scale energy and infrastructure projects, which are often built with imported Chinese labour and are perceived as primarily benefiting Chinese interests. Beijing's cozying up to the hated junta has also not helped China's image with average Burmese.
Up to now, China has been able to present itself to the ethnic leaders in the area as a helpful mediator and, at times, protector from the worst excesses of the predatory Naypyidaw regime, while simultaneously improving its relations with Naypyidaw. As a result, these ethnic leaders lately find themselves pinned between their erstwhile protectors in Beijing and Kunming and the Burmese regime with whom China's interests are increasingly aligned and intertwined.
The ICG report contends that since the August 2009 border incident, in which a surprise Burma army attack on ethnic forces in the Kokang area resulted in massive refugee flows into China, Beijing more and more regards these fractious ethnic groups — some of whom are ethnically Chinese — as a liability instead of seeing them as the strategic buffer it once did. Moreover, these ethnic communities have been among the worst affected by Chinese development projects and are increasingly bitter about the manner in which China has carried out economic activity in their already grim environs. As Beijing's concerns about border stability and economic interests come into greater tension, China likely will find itself tempted to abandon completely the Kachin, Wa and other marginalized armed ethnic groups with whom it has long-standing relations, and throw its lot in with the Burmese regime's scorched earth approach to these communities.
Given the unpredictability of the Burmese regime and the growing desperation of these ethnic groups, China's delicate balancing act in Burma looks set to be severely tested in the near future.


23 September 2010 ဒိုင္ယာရီ

23 Sep 2010 Yeyintnfe's Diary

၂၀၀၇ စက္တင္ဘာ တြင္က်ဆုံးခဲ့ၾကေသာ ရဟန္းရွင္လူမ်ားအတြက္အမွ်ေပးေ၀မည္

၂၀၀၇ စက္တင္ဘာ ၊ တြင္က်ဆုံးခဲ့ၾကေသာ ရဟန္းရွင္လူမ်ားကုိ ကၽြတ္လြတ္ပါေစျခင္းအက်ိဳးငွာ ဆြမ္း၊ေဆး၊ေက်ာင္း၊သကၤန္းဆက္ကပ္လႈဒါန္းအမွ်ေပးေ၀မည္ျဖစ္ပါသျဖင့္အထက္ပါလိပ္စာအ



ကုလ အေထြေထြညီလာခံ တြင္ ႏိုင္ငံတြင္းဆင္း ရဲမြဲေတမႈ တိုက္ ဖ်က္မည္ ဟု ေျပာခဲ့ၿပီးဆင္းရဲသား မ်ားကလိုက္ လံဖမ္းဆီး

ရန္ကုန္ ဆင္ေျခဖံုး ရပ္ကြက္မ်ားတြင္ ေပၚတာ ဆြဲ သလို ေတြ ့သမွ်လူအကုန္ဖမ္းေန
September 23, 2010 freedom news group
ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး ၀န္ႀကီးက ကုလ အေထြေထြညီလာခံ တြင္ ႏိုင္ငံတြင္းဆင္း ရဲမြဲေတမႈ တိုက္
ဖ်က္မည္ ဟု ေျပာခဲ့ၿပီး နာရီပိုင္း အၾကာတြင္ လႈိင္သာယာ၊ေရႊျပည္သာ၊ အင္းစိန္ ႏွင့္ ေျမာက္ဥကၠ
လာ ပ ၿမိဳ ့နယ္မ်ား မွ ဆင္းရဲသား မ်ား ႏွင့္ အေျခအေနမဲ့ရ သူ အခ်ိဳ ့ကို စည္ပင္ ရဲ မ်ား သံုးသည့္
ကားမ်ား ျဖင့္ လိုက္ လံဖမ္းဆီး သည္ ဟု သတင္းရရွိသည္။

ယမန္ ေန ့ည ၁၁ နာရီခန္ ့က လိႈင္သာယာၿမိဳ ့တြင္ ညဘက္ေစ်းေရာင္းသူ အခ်ိဳ ့ႏွင့္ ေဘာလံုး
ပဲ ၾကည့္ၿပီး အိမ္ျပန္ လာသူ အခ်ိဳ ့ကိုဖမ္းဆီးသြားၿပီး ၊ေျမာက္ဥကၠလာ ေျခာက္ေကြ ့ႏွင့္ အေ၀း
ေျပးဂိတ္မ်ား မွ အိမ္ေျခမဲ့ အခ်ိဳ ့ကို လည္းဖမ္းဆီးသြားသည္ ဟု သတင္းရရွိသည္။

ေရႊျပည္သာတြင္ ေဒသခံ မ်ား က ေပၚတာဆြဲ သည္ ဟု ေျပာၾကၿပီး လူငယ္ ႏွစ္ဆယ္ခန္ ့ဖမ္း
ဆီးခံရသည္။ႏို၀င္ဘာ ေရြးေကာက္ ပြဲ နီးလာၿပီ ျဖစ္သျဖင့္ ရဲစခန္း မ်ားက ျပစ္ဒဏ္ ေဟာင္း
ရွိခဲ့ဖူးသူ အခ်ိဳ ့ကို လည္း လိုက္လံဖမ္းဆီးေနသည္။

ျမန္မာ ႏိုင္ငံတြင္ ဆင္းရဲမြဲေတမႈ ကို တိုက္ဖ်က္ရာဥ္ ဆင္းရဲသူမ်ား ႏွင့္ ေတာင္းစားသူမ်ားကို
ဖမ္းဆီးေထာင္ ခ်ျခင္းျဖင့္ ေျဖရွင္းေလ့ရွိသည္။

The Peaceful Protest In front Of India Embassy And Burmese Embassy(09/18/2010) Washington D.C.

တုိက္ပြဲသာ ၀င္လုိက္ၾကပါစုိ႕

တုိက္ပြဲသာ ၀င္လုိက္ၾကပါစုိ႕

၈၈၈၈ ကုိ အေၾကာင္းၿပဳလုိ႕
ညီညာစြာ ေပါင္းစုလုိ႕ၿပခဲ႕ၿပီးၿပီ
လူပင္လယ္ နဲ႕ ေသြးကြက္ အုိင္
ေသနတ္ကုိင္ထား တဲ႕ စစ္တပ္
အသိညဏ္ဗလာ  ၿဖဴခါက်ေအာင္
မြဲေနတဲ႕ စိတ္ဓါတ္ေတြနဲ႕ ရုိင္းၿပစြာဆက္ဆံခဲ႕တာ
ေတြးခ်င္စရာ မရွိပါဘူး .....။
ေက်ာင္းသားေတြ ေသြးေၿမက်ခဲ႕တယ္ ၊
လူေတြကုိ သတ္ၿပခဲ႕တယ္ ၊
သံဃာေတြကုိ ဦးေခါင္းကုိ ရုိက္ခြဲခဲ႕တယ္ ။
ဒါေတြကုိ အတိတ္မွာ ထားခဲ႕ၿပီး
ၾကိဳးဆြဲရာ ကၾကမွာလား............. ။

ပါတီကုိ အေၾကာင္းၿပဳ  လူတစ္စုကလည္း
ဒီလမ္းအမွန္ ဒီမုိကေရစီကုိ ခ်ဥ္းကပ္ၿပန္သတဲ႕ ။
ညဏ္မပါ ပလီပလာ အတတ္ေတြနဲ႕
ရီစရာ အေတာ္ေၿပာတတ္တယ္
ငါလည္းေလ ေလာကီသားေပမုိ႕
ပြင္႕လင္းစြာ ရွင္းရေတာ႕
ေၿမြဆုိတာ အေရခြံလည္းေပမယ္႕
သူ႕အဆိပ္က သတၱ၀ါေတြ  ေသေၾကစၿမဲ သာပ
ေဖြရွာကာ ေတြးၾကပါေတာ႕ ----။

ငါတုိ႕ အမ်ိဳးေတြ သူခုိးေတြ ခ်ည္းပါဘဲလုိ႕
ေၾကြးေၾကာ္လုိ႕ မာန္၀င္႕ ခ်င္စရာ
 ယူနီေဖာင္းနဲ႕ သူေတာင္းစားေတြ
ေတာင္းစားေနၾက ေနရာတကာ
သဒၵါသေလာက္  ေပးခဲ႕ၾကပါတဲ႕
ေၾသာ္ ၿမန္မာၿပည္ရယ္  ဂုဏ္ယူစရာ
ေကာင္းလုိက္ပုံက  ေနရာတကာ
 သူေတာင္းစားေတြ ခ်ည္းပါဘဲ ...........။

သူရဲေကာင္း တံဆိပ္ေတြ ရင္မွာ ခ်ိတ္ၿပီး
ေသနတ္ေတြ ခါးမွာ ထုိးထားေပမယ္႕
ေၾကာက္စိတ္ေတြ ကေတာ႕ ၾသခ်ေလာက္ပါေပတယ္ ။
မိန္းမတစ္ေယာက္ကုိ ရန္ရွာကာ ခ်ဳပ္ခ်င္ေတာ႕
အတင္းေတြ လည္ကာ တုတ္တာၿဖင္႕
အရွက္တရား ရယ္ ကုန္ခမ္းေနပုံက
ႏွဳိင္းစရာေတာင္ အေတာ္ရွားတာပ
စိတ္ပ်က္ဖြယ္ရာ ............။

သာသနာေတာ္ လွည္႕ကာေတြးရင္လည္း
သုံးႏွစ္သာ ၾကာေသးတာပ
ပခုကၠဴမွာ အေၿခၿပဳလုိ႕  လူ႕မိစာၦ လူတစ္စု
အမ်ိဳးဖ်က္မည္႕ အၾကံႏွင္႕ ထုိးႏွက္မည္ၾကံလာ ၾကသည္ ။
ထုိအခါ၀ယ္ ၿပည္သူအေပါင္းတုိ႕
ၾကပ္တည္းလုိ႕ က်ဥ္းေၿမာင္းလာ
၀မ္းစာအေရး ပင္ ခက္ေနေသးတာရယ္ေၾကာင္႕
ဒကာေတြ ေၿပလည္ေစ ေၾကာင္းသာပ
သံဃာေတြ ေၿခေညာင္းခံကာ
လွည္႕လည္လုိ႕ ေမတၱာပြားတယ္
ၿမန္မာၿပည္ သာသနာ လႊမ္းလိုက္ပုံက ေမတၱာသုတ္ရြတ္တာ
ရွင္ရဟန္း မဟုတ္ပါဘူးတဲ႕ ဖမ္းခ်ဳပ္ၾကတာ ........။

ေၾသာ္... တကယ္ပါေလ ဆက္ကာ မေရးခ်င္ဘူး
ဤေၿမမွာေလ တက္ကာ ေၾကြးေၾကာ္လိုက္ခ်င္တာက
တမ်ိဳးသားလုံး အတြက္
ေပးဆပ္စရာ တကယ္မ်ားတာဘဲ
တြဲလက္ကယ္ ညီညာစြာၿဖင္႕
တူေပ်ာ္စြာ ခ်ီတက္ၾကမယ္
ရရာ လက္နက္ကုိင္ကာ စြဲလုိ႕
တုိက္ပြဲသာ ၀င္လုိက္ၾကပါစုိ႕............။